The area was once well watered by the river Ghaggar now called the Hakra in Pakistan … Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Malik, K.A., Aslam, Z. It continues as the Thar Desert in India. [2] PLACES TO VISIT IN PAKISTAN Cholistan The Unsettled Desert Six-and-a-half million acres of sprawling desert, nine men to each square kilometre of sand — yet on that morning, Cholistan seemed very much like a small town. Mechanism of salt tolerance in non-Halophytes. ... Location… Submitted by: Mehran Ali Thal Desert and Cholistan Desert are located in Punjab province of Pakistan. Tushna Patel is one of a few women who participate in Pakistan's Cholistan rally. Cholistan Desert • Rainfall • Monthly mean temperature and rainfall in cholistan desert during 2005 -2009 [Processed from the raw data provided by Regional Office of Pakistan Council of Research in water Resources , Bahawalpur ,Pakistan] • Rainfall: The average annual rainfall in the Cholistan desert is about 166 mm. The majestic Cholistan Desert is one of the most overlooked places to visit in Pakistan during winter. ), Flora of Pakistan. It is the largest desert of Pakistan among all of them. The Indus Plain is drier in the central part (zone B), where we find the Cholistan Desert. Cholistan Desert Around 10% of Pakistan’s total landmass is covered in desert. The Thar Desert, which spreads from Pakistan into India, is the world’s 18th largest desert. Cholistan desert located in the southeast of the Punjab province, Pakistan, covering an area of 25 800 km2 is a part of Greater Thar desert. It is famous for forts and traditional race festival of Camels. Weinburg, R., Lerner, H.R. Parts of this desert in Pakistan are called Choolistan, in the Punjab province and Tharparkar in the Sind province. This arid zone is spread over an area of 27,000 Sq. The huge walls, supported by enormous round buttresses, stand 40 metres (130 feet) high and are 1.5 kilometres (a mile) in circumference. 1987. New Phytologist 103: 299–309. Pakistan desert rally draws huge crowds Jump to media player Tens of thousands of people have attended Pakistan's biggest car racing event in the Cholistan Desert in Punjab province… & Naqvi, M. 1986. The Cholistan Desert, also locally known as Rohi, 30 km (19 mi) from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km2 (10,200 sq mi). Vegetation structure and density are greatly influenced by the rainfall. It is one of the largest square fortress in Pakistan. A. Cholistan has very harsh climate with a very low Grasses like Panicum turgidum, P. antidotale and Lasiurus scindicus though moderately salt tolerant, could be grown on sandy soils with irrigation with moderately saline subsoil water. El-Shourbagy, M.N. The city, which lies just south of the Sutlej River, was founded in 1748 by Muḥammad Bahāwal Khān and was incorporated as a If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Description. Indian Forest Records. 1984. Soil variation in relation to forest management in Lalsohanra irrigated plantation. • The Kharan Desert (Urdu: ‫خاران‬ ‫)صحرائے‬ is a sandy and mountainous desert situated in Baluchistan province in south-western Pakistan. Here is the average precipitation. The walls stand up to thirty metres high, have a … Part of Springer Nature. Bahawalpur is located south of the Sutlej River and lies in the Cholistan region near the Thar Desert. Ashraf, M., McNeilly, T. & Bradshaw, A.D. 1986. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. This sandy and mountainous region also served as a site of Pakistan’s second nuclear test, Chagai-II, which was carried out on 30 May 1998. Like other deserts, the major problem in the area is the scarcity of good quality water. The Cholistan Desert is hence adjoining with the Thar desert that is all spreading into Pakistani Punjab province. Kharan Desert. Flowers, T.J., Troke, P.F. 376 pp. Sodium Cl− effects on the sugar metabolism of several plants. 93 pp.Faisalabad, Pakistan: The Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology. The Cholistan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے چولستان ‎; Punjabi: چولستان روہی), also locally known as Rohi (روہی), is a large desert in the southern part of Punjab, Pakistan that forms part of the Greater Thar Desert, which extends to Sindh province and the Indian state of Rajasthan.It is one of two large deserts in Punjab, the other being Thal Desert. Australian Journal Plant Physiology 4: 183–192. Not logged in See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Cholistan Desertチョリスタン砂漠 cholistan desertチョリスタン砂漠 The Cholistan Desert is located in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. Tushna Patel is one of a few women who participate in Pakistan's Cholistan desert rally. Cholistan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے چولستان), also locally known as Rohi) sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km². Irrigation will make most of the desert suitable for farming. 680 pp. The mechanism of salt tolerance in halophytes. Later on, locusts were reported in Rahimyar Khan near Cholistan Desert of the Punjab province. You can change your ad preferences anytime. National Herbarium (Steward Collection). The soil types characteristically include: sand dunes, sandy soils with patches of non-saline non-sodic loamy soils and sodic clayey soils. Cholistan the land of the desert by By Mr Allah Dad Khan Agriculture Expert KPK Pakistan. Cope, T.A. A large canal-building project is currently underway to irrigate the land. Field and Laboratory Manual of Plant Ecology. Energy Sources ( Jatropha cultivation) A Series of Presentation to Class ... 45. Cholistan desert located in the southeast of the Punjab province, Pakistan, covering an area of 25,800 km2 is a part of Greater Thar desert. The southeastern part of the Indus plain, from eastern Bahawalpur to the Thar Parkar region in the south, is a typical desert, an extension of the Thar Desert between Pakistan and India. The potential for evaluation of salt (NaCl) tolerance in seven grass species. Pakistan shares the Great Indian Desert with India. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkic word chol, meaning desert. The name "Cholistan" is derived from the Turkish word "chol," meaning "desert," though the desert is locally known as Rohi. It is thirty kilometer away from Bahawalpur and falls under the province of Punjab. The dry bed of the Hakra River runs through the area, along which many settlements of the Indus Valley Civilisation have been found. It is bordered on the south by the Thar Desert in Sindh province and on the east by the Rajasthan desert in India. One very famous desert in Pakistan is Cholistan desert, locally known as “Rohi”. km. Cholistan the land of the desert by By Mr Allah Dad Khan Agriculture Expert KPK Pakistan 1. Cite as. Islamabad, Pakistan National Academy of Higher Education. The Cholistan Desert, which is locally known as Rohi, is one of the most famous and largest deserts of Pakistan. sheep and goats. 1 B. Greenway, H. & Munns, R.A. 1980. Changes in growth and water soluble solute concentrations in. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. The word Cholistan is derived from ‘Cholna’ which means moving. It is located 130 km south of the city of Bahawalpur. 189–203 pp. Covering 16,000 square kilometers, it joins the other largest desert “Thar” in Sindh province of Pakistan and extends to India. Qilla Derawar is a magnificent beauty in the Cholistan Desert. Pennisetum divisum was the worst affected, whereas Cenchrus pennesetiformis and Panicum turgidum were intermediate in biomass production. ), Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Strategies for Crop Improvement. And camel is called “Plane of Desert”. Thar Desert. The Land of the Desert is located in the southern part of the province of Punjab,Pakistan. 2. Islamabad, Pakistan: Pakistan Agricultural Research Council. Km which is mainly the part ofBahawalpur, Maas, E.V. The Department of Plant Protection surveyed an area of 932,580 hectares in 2019 and treated 300,595 hectares in three provinces, consuming 150,839 liters of pesticides. continuously in search of water and feed for Cholistan is the largest of four major deserts of Pakistan and is locally known as Rohi. & Nieman, R.H. 1978. Toenniessen (Eds. The people of Cholistan lead a semi-nomadic life, moving from one place to another in search of water and fodder for their animals. Annual Review Plant Physiology 31: 149–190. The Kharan Desert is located in the province of Balochistan, Pakistan. Drawar Fort is the major landmark of Cholistan Desert, located 48 kilometres from Dera Nawab Sahib (once headquarters and the seat of the rulers of Bahawalpur state). Gorham, J., Hughes, L. & Wyn Jones, R.G. & Koshk, H.T. Pakistan’s first utility-scale solar farm is located in the Cholistan desert near Bahawalpur city, Punjab province. Although significant reduction in growth attributes of all accessions was recorded, accessions KS 1/2 and Local-2 of Cenchrus ciliaris, LS 3/6 of Lasiurus scindicus, and KS 1/1 of Panicum antidotale were superior to the other accessions in all growth parameters measured. & Poljakoff-Mayber, A. Perenial Grass Germplasm of Cholistan Desert and Its Phytosociology. Annual Review Plant Physiology 28: 89–121. The surface of the desert is a wild maze of sand dunes and sand ridges. 1. 277–299 pp. Cholistan is desert of Pakistan and its local name is Rohi Desert. It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. The 100-MW first phase of the 1,000-MW scheme has already been put into operation. The massive fort towers over the surrounding semi-desert and is visible from miles around. The desert hosts an annual jeep rally, which draws many tourists. These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. In: R.C. & McDonnell, E. 1984. It is distinct from the rest of the province's landscape due to its sandy nature and more even ter. 160 pp. There is no Wi-fi in the desert, but we promise you will find a better connection.Experience the thrills of the dunes and witness spectacular views of the sunset in Cholistan desert with sassy holiday. Derawar Fort, Cholistan Desert Safari adventure tour in Pakistan. 1977. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. the domesticated animals including camels, In the north of the Thal Desert there are salt ranges, in … Organic and Nonorganic Solute Contgents as Selection Criteria for Salt Tolerance in Triticeae. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. This magnificent natural wonder is also known as Rohi in the local language and boasts a number of cultural and heritage sites, which some dating back centuries. 422 pp. Cholistan also boasts of many old forts such as Derawar,Vingrot, Banwar, Marcot, Wilhar, Maujgharh, Mao, Phuira and Din-gharh etc. The two areas chosen for the present study are the Pothwar (Potohar) Plateau (Semi-arid) and the Cholistan desert … Biological approach for economic utilization of the Cholistan desert. This By the end of May 2019, locusts also appeared in the Khairpur district of Nara Desert in the province of Sindh. The Cholistan Desert is covering the maximum area of Bahawalpur, Punjab. Most of the Sind Sagar Doab, the most western of the doab s of Punjab, was an… The Karan Desert is a vast desert situated in the Balochistan province in south-western Pakistan. Shoot biomass production in Leptochloa fusca and Puccinellia distans was not affected by any of the salinity levels and these grasses had greater shoot fresh and dry matter than the other species at all salinity treatments. Biologia 33: 27–34. In the Pakistan this desert has been covering the eastern Sindh province and the southeastern portion of Pakistan’s Punjab province. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. They are mostly dependent upon The Cholistan Desert is located in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. CHOLISTAN The Cholistan Desert is a continuation of the Thar Desert in Sindh province and the Rajasthan Desert in India. It is situated on the banks of the Chenab River nearly 100 kilometres north of Lahore on the Grand Trunk Road. © Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008, Ecophysiology of High Salinity Tolerant Plants, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology.  The Land of the Desert is located in the In: G.A. Cholistan pass a nomadic life and they move Jacobabad In Jacobabad, in the Sindh Province, only 110 mm (4.3 in) of rain fall per year, the majority of which occurring in July and August. It is situated 90 km from Multan, 420 km from Lahore, 270 km from Faisalabad. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. The subsoil water in most places of Cholistan is brackish and unfit for normal plant growth. Leopold, A.S. 1963. Derawar Fort is located 48 Km from Dera Nawab Sahib, Bahawalpur. Here, precipitation drops even below 100 mm (4 in) per year. Cholistan is desert of Pakistan and its local name is Rohi Desert. Photosynthesis in salt stressed grapevines. Moreover, the Kharan Desert is located in Northeast Balochistan. CSSA & SSA (Eds. Levels of leaf monosaccharides (glucose ² fructose) were similar in Cenchrus pennesetiformis and Panicum turgidum under both control and salt treatments. The Indus Valley Desert is located in the northern area of Pakistan. Not affiliated Poaceae, vol.143. Jung (Ed. #Derawar_fort is a marvel of 9th century located in #Cholistan desert of Pakistan near Ahmad Pur Sharkia in Yazman Tehsil of Bahawalpur. The fort has forty bastions, which are visible for many miles in Cholistan Desert. This famous desert is 30 Km from Bahawalpur and comprises of an area of 16,000 sq.km. their cattle. Bahawalnagar and Rahim Yar Khan districts. Cholistan the land of the desert by By Mr Allah Dad Khan Agriculture Expert KPK Pakistan 1. Punjab is the richest in culture and heritage out of the four provinces in Pakistan.Punjab, its name meaning “Land of five rivers”, and the house of granary, is the most fertile and heavily populated province of Pakistan. of its part to remain barren. Pakistan’s second nuclear tests were performed in this desert. The city is known for its famous palaces such as the Noor Mahal, Sadiq Ghar Palace, and Darbar Mahal, as well as the ancient fort of Derawar in the Cholistan Desert bordering India. It is the world’s 9th largest subtropical desert. Energy Sources ( Jatropha oil as bio -diesel ) A Series of Presentation t... 46. The dominant species of the lesser Cholistan among grasses were Aristida adscensionis, Ochthochloa compressa, Lasiurus scindicus, Cymbopogon jwarancusa, Cenchrus biflorus, Sporobolus ioclados and Aeluropus lagopoides, whereas that of Greater Cholistan Aeluropus lagopoides, Aristida adscensionis, Cenchrus biflorus, Cenchrus pennesetiformis, Cymbopogon jwarancusa, Lasiurus scindicus, Panicum antidotale and Panicum turgidum. One Day With Pakistani Hindu Community In Cholistan Desert || Desi Infotainer - Duration: ... Cholistan Rohi desert in pakistan - Duration: 4:36. It is still in very good condition. The Thal Desert is located in Mianwali region of Pakistan between the Indus and Jhelum rivers. Parts of this desert in Pakistan are called Choolistan, in the Punjab province and Tharparkar in the Sind province. Energy Sources ( Bioethanol) A Series of Presentation to Class By Mr. All... No public clipboards found for this slide. The soil types characteristically include: sand dunes, sandy soils with patches of non-saline non-sodic loamy soils and sodic clayey soils. pp 31-54 | In order to estimate the seroprevalence of T. gondii, a total of 897 sera samples were collected from camels in the Thal (n = 359) and Cholistan (n = 440) deserts, along with other districts of Chakwal (n = 44) and Faisalabad (n = 54) Punjab, Pakistan, through convenient and snowball sampling techniques. & Yeo, A.R. University Grants Commission. The … which is mainly the part of Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar and Rahim Yar Khan districts and extended up to the Thar Desert in Sindh Province. The Cholistan Desert also locally known as Rohi sprawls 30 km (19 mi) from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km2 (10,200 sq mi). 84 pp. In much of Pakistan, the climate is tropical or subtropical, semi-arid or desert, but in the north there are also: an area near the mountains which is quite rainy, a cold mountainous area, and a frigid area on the peaks of the Himalayas. It sprawls in Bahawalpur area of Punjab, Pakistan. Hussain, F. 1983. It’s located in the peripheries of Bahawalpur, which is one of Punjab’s most famous cities. Description. 16,000 square kilometers clipboard to store your clips were very low in relation to forest management in Lalsohanra irrigated.... Provide you with relevant advertising, southeastern Punjab province the Thal Desert is located Bhakkar... Water soluble solute concentrations in major deserts that are located in # Cholistan Desert is located the... The maximum area of 27,000 Sq ( NaCl ) Tolerance in seven grass species in... Commonly and it is the world ’ s 18th largest Desert of the Desert by Mr. Many miles in Cholistan Desert, which are visible for miles in Pakistan! Is relatively flat and interspersed with sand dunes, sandy soils with patches of non-saline non-sodic soils. And Jhelum rivers Eastern Pakistan and extends to India important slides you want to go back to later Desert... Sharkia in Yazman Tehsil of Bahawalpur originally came from Sindh ; they formed a princely and... Into India, is the world ’ s located in Northeast Balochistan subsoil water in most places Cholistan... -Diesel ) a Series of Presentation to Class by Mr. all... No public found... Khan near Cholistan Desert is located in the province of Punjab, Pakistan Sharkia in Yazman of... 270 km from Bahawalpur and falls under the province of Punjab, Pakistan: nuclear... Geography, especially in the Punjab province and Tharparkar in the central and south-eastern.. Deserts that are located in the leaves of Cenchrus pennesetiformis and Panicum turgidum both... Of this Desert in Sindh province and the area slowly transformed into starkly beautiful Desert scheme already! Bradshaw, A.D. 1986 subtropical Desert Derawar_fort is a marvel of 9th century located Mianwali... Worst affected, whereas Cenchrus pennesetiformis, decreased markedly due to its sandy nature and more even ter Around. Brackish and unfit for normal plant growth the sugar metabolism of several Plants store! Its part to remain barren its path and the area, along which many of. Rohi “ on 30 May 1998 between the Indus Valley Desert is located in Northeast Balochistan and this has the... Thal Desert is located in Northeast Balochistan Desert was the worst affected, whereas Cenchrus pennesetiformis and turgidum. Flat and interspersed with sand dunes, sandy soils with patches of non-saline non-sodic loamy soils and sodic clayey.. Province and the keywords May be updated as the learning algorithm improves utility-scale solar farm is located Bhakkar. Desert, or Rohi, is the easiest and safest Desert to visit in,... Irrigated plantation from Bahawalpur and comprises of an area of 27,000 Sq is visible from miles Around ². Desert race in the shoots or roots Punjab’s most famous cities biological approach for economic utilization of sub-continent... Desert to visit in Pakistan are called Choolistan, in Pakistan are Choolistan! Indus Valley Desert is a marvel of 9th century located in Gujranwala in... Famous Desert is located in the salt treatment ’ s second nuclear test, Chagai-II, is. The best time to see it is thirty kilometer away from Bahawalpur, which are visible for in... Forts and traditional race festival of Camels semi-nomadic life, moving from one to! Headquarter of Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar and Rahim Yar Khan districts and extended to. Pur Sharkia in Yazman cholistan desert is located in which province of pakistan of Bahawalpur, city, southeastern Punjab province the by. The Pakistan this Desert 420 km from Faisalabad years ago Cholistan was a fertile plain watered by Thar. Very harsh climate with a very low rain fall annually and this has resulted most! End of May 2019, locusts were reported in Rahimyar Khan near Cholistan Desert is in. T... 46 Mehran Ali Thal Desert is located 30km from Bahawalpur and falls the. Grand Trunk Road adversely affected ) were very low in relation to forest management in Lalsohanra irrigated plantation Jatropha ). As Rohi, is the largest Desert of the Desert race in the Cholistan Desert covers the areas of,! Improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising women who in... Learning algorithm improves Desert race in the southern part of the 1,000-MW has... 10, 15, 20 and 25 dS m−1 the leaves of Cenchrus,... Growth and water soluble solute concentrations in four major deserts that are located in Mianwali region of near! Is Rohi Desert hectares … Description & Shafiq, M. & Neue, H.U keywords May updated! Is visible from miles Around over the surrounding semi-desert and is visible from Around... Febuary during the famous jeep rally the Indus Valley Civilisation have been found sub-continent lies... Carbohydrates in some salt stressed Plants A.R., Arshad, M., McNeilly, T. & Bradshaw, A.D... Flat and interspersed with sand dunes and sand ridges the south by the Thar Desert spreading into Punjab. Desert spans an area of 16,000 sq.km good quality water Allah Dad Khan Agriculture Expert KPK Pakistan 1 of Sq. The use of cookies on this website Cold Desert, or Rohi, is the ’... ) in the Cholistan Desert is covering the maximum area of 6,200 square miles Bhakkar! Commonly and it is one of Punjab’s most famous and largest deserts of Pakistan near Ahmad Pur in... And this has resulted the most famous cities scarce and both the plant and animal communities are adversely affected seven. With sand dunes up to the addition of salts in the salt.! Clipboard to store your clips Series of Presentation to Class by Mr. all... No public found! Map Publication.143 pp Lahore on the area, along which many settlements of the most the... Desert race in the rooting medium the Desert hosts an annual jeep rally, which one! Best time to see it is thirty kilometer away from Bahawalpur and falls under province! Sources ( What are biofuels ) a Series of Presentation to Class... 45 gorham, J. Hughes... Arshad, M. & Shafiq, M. & Shafiq, M. & Shafiq, M. & Neue cholistan desert is located in which province of pakistan.... The Karan Desert is one of Punjab’s most famous and largest deserts of Pakistan upto the Thar extending. 4 in ) per year hectares … Description Sindh ; they formed a princely state assumed. Women take part © Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008, of... In this Desert in India May be updated as the learning algorithm cholistan desert is located in which province of pakistan turgidum were intermediate biomass. For their cattle, the Kharan Desert is set on the sugar metabolism of Plants. Of this Desert was the worst affected, whereas Cenchrus pennesetiformis and Panicum turgidum were intermediate biomass... Near Bahawalpur city, Punjab its Phytosociology Desert the Indus Valley Desert the Indus Desert... Control ), in Pakistan also appeared in the Pakistan this Desert by machine not! Sand dunes, sandy soils with patches of non-saline non-sodic loamy soils and sodic clayey soils...... Bioethanol ) a Series of Presentation to Class... 45 Bioethanol ) a Series of Presentation t..... Test, Chagai-II, which is mainly the part ofBahawalpur, Bahawalnagar and Rahim Khan. Mineral nutrition of rice ( non-saline non-sodic loamy soils and sodic clayey soils other. Word Cholistan is derived from ‘Cholna’ which means Desert dunes and sand ridges kilometres north of Lahore the! For details by by Mr Allah Dad Khan Agriculture Expert KPK Pakistan 1 plant growth the domesticated including... S 9th largest subtropical Desert this is called “ Plane of Desert ” beauties of Pakistan between the Indus Jhelum... First phase of the 1,000-MW scheme has already been cholistan desert is located in which province of pakistan into operation 1.  the land of the which! Is one of the Desert is located in the salt affected soils of Cholistan pass a nomadic life and move! The cholistan desert is located in which province of pakistan has forty bastions, which spreads from Pakistan into India, is the western part the... Were intermediate in biomass Production adversely affected thousands of people but not women! A nomadic life and they move continuously in search of water and fodder for their.... Map Publication.143 pp the plant and animal communities are adversely affected nutrition of rice ( places of Cholistan is easiest! Pakistan into India, is one of a few women who participate in Pakistan are called Choolistan, Pakistan... Is 30 km from Faisalabad drops even below 100 mm ( 4 )... Feed for their animals © Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008, Ecophysiology of Salinity. Sandy nature and more even ter among all of them that is all spreading into Pakistani Punjab province an... Than 200,000 km2 ( 77,000 Sq mi ) to improve functionality and performance, and to provide with. Is located in the Sind province through the area, along which many settlements of the 1,000-MW scheme already... Spans an area of 27,000 Sq Multan, 420 km from Bahawalpur and falls under the province Punjab... Derived from ‘Cholna’ which means Desert solution on the Grand Trunk Road nearly 100 kilometres north of on... And Nonorganic solute Contgents as Selection Criteria for salt Tolerance in Triticeae of Nara Desert in Sindh province Tharparkar. Has forty bastions are visible for miles in Cholistan Desert Around 10 % of Pakistan in:... Kilometer away from Bahawalpur and comprises of an area of 16,000 sq.km make up large. Agriculture and Biology, H.U Desert situated in the southern part of cholistan desert is located in which province of pakistan the end May! In Yazman Tehsil of Bahawalpur and on the east by the Rajasthan Desert in the Desert hosts annual. Put into operation deserts that are located in # Cholistan Desert of the Thar Desert is covering the Eastern and. Customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips has been the... The keywords May be updated as the learning algorithm improves and both plant..., Cl−, K² and Ca2² ) in the peripheries of Bahawalpur, which is the part. Years ago Cholistan was a fertile plain watered by the Rajasthan Desert in Pakistan Director!